Banana, the golden fruit, is indigenous to India and other tropical South and Southeast Asian countries. Most of the portions of the banana plant are edible. The flower and stem of the banana plant is cooked and consumed like a vegetable in some Asian countries.

Banana - Wonder Food

Banana (Image courtsey: FreeDigitalPhotos)

In addition, juice is extracted from the stem for consumption. The most popular edible part is the ripened yellow fruit which is usually consumed without further processing.

Nutrient Content

Banana contains the following nutrients:

  •  Vitamin – Vit B6 minerals – potassium, zinc, iron
  •  Carbohydrates
  •  Invert sugar

Bananas are helpful in retaining vital nutrients like calcium, phosphorus and nitrogen in the body which are necessary for regeneration of tissues.

Health Benefits

The primary health benefits of banana are its ability to facilitate proper digestion and enhance body metabolism to retain youthful vigor owing to its invert sugar content. The benefits offered by banana are as follows:

  •  Banana has a soothing effect on the stomach in case of ulcer and acidity by forming a protective lining in the stomach.
  •  Effective in controlling diarrhea and remedying constipation by facilitating normal bowel moments through water absorption in the large intestine.
  •  Zinc content promotes hair strengthening and helps prevent onset of baldness.
  • The rich iron content helps in fighting anemia by promoting hemoglobin production in blood.
  •  Low protein and salt content combined with high content of carbohydrates make them suitable for treatment of kidney diseases like uremia.
  •  Banana enhances blood circulation and proves useful in conditions of heart weakness by improving heart beat and inhibiting formation of clots.
  • Banana aids in overcoming depression.


  •  Since banana is high in potassium, those suffering from kidney failure as a consequence of high potassium content in their blood should desist from consuming banana.
  •  The fruit should be consumed when fully ripe as otherwise it might lead to gas formation owing to improper digestion in the small intestine.

Disclaimer: Any advice or information provided in this page should not be seen as a substitute for medical consultation, diagnosis or treatment. Your family physician knows better about your medical history and only they can provide you with personalized advice keeping in mind your unique needs.